Factores de salud relacionados con la depresión que influyen en la productividad

Health factors related to depression, which influence productivity

Jhoan León-Correa , Carlos Alberto García-Clavijo , Gloria Patricia-Martínez , Manuel Francisco Romero-Ospina

Suma de Negocios, 11(25), 171-179, julio-diciembre 2020, ISSN 2215-910X

http://doi.org/10.14349/sumneg/2020.V11.N25.A8

Recibido el 15 de junio de 2020
Aceptado el 22 de julio de 2020
Online el 14 de agosto de 2020

Resumen

La depresión representa un gran impacto económico. Se prevén para el periodo 2011-2030 pérdidas de USD 16.3 billones en Estados Unidos, en la India el 20% de la producción económica se destinará al manejo de los trastornos mentales y, en el mismo periodo, China perderá USD 4.5 billones (Grazier, 2019). Esto hace necesario determinar la relación de la depresión con tinnitus, vértigo, TTM y síntomas físicos, lo cual genera un impacto negativo en las empresas. Se realizó un estudio observacional mediante la herramienta CDI/TTM examinando 94 pacientes que asistieron a la clínica de articulación temporomandibular. La presencia de síntomas depresivos con tinnitus, dolor de cabeza por TTM y síntomas físicos no específicos (SFNE) presentaron valores de asociación significativos con p de 0.002, 0.003 y 0.000, siendo factores de riesgo para la depresión. Los SFNE y el tinnitus presentan alta asociación con la presencia de depresión.


Palabras clave:
Salud,
depresión,
tinnitus,
trastornos temporomandibulares, vértigo,
incapacidad laboral.

Códigos JEL:
I10, I12, I19, O15

Abstract

The depression represents a great economic impact, predicting for the years 2011 to 2030 losses of USD 16.3 billion in the United States, in India 20% of the economic production will be destined to the management of mental disorders; in the same period China will lose USD 4.5 billion (Grazier, 2019). Making it necessary to determine the relationship of depression with tinnitus, vertigo, TMD and physical symptoms. This generates a negative impact on companies. An observational study was conducted using the CDI/TTM tool examining 94 patients who attended the temporomandibular joint clinic. The presence of depressive symptoms with tinnitus, TMJ headache and non-specific physical symptoms (NSPH) showed significant association values with p of 0.002, 0.003 and 0.000, being risk factors for depression. NSPEs and tinnitus have a high association with the presence of depression.


Keywords:
Health,
depresssion,
tinnitus,
temporomandibular disorders,
vertigo,
incapacity for work.

Artículo Completo
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Instituciones

Fundación Universitaria Los Libertadores, Colombia
Universidad del Valle, Colombia
Copyright © 2020. Fundación Universitaria Konrad Lorenz, Colombia

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