Métodos aplicados a la estimación de gases de efecto invernadero en los embalses de hidroeléctricas

Methods applied to the estimation of Greenhouse Gases in hydroelectric reservoirs

Rhonmer Orlando Pérez-Cedeño , Carmen Luisa Vásquez Stanescu , Maritza Torres-Samuel y Rodrigo Ramírez-Pisco

Suma de Negocios, 13(28), 50-56, enero-junio 2022, ISSN 2215-910X

https://doi.org/10.14349/sumneg/2022.V13.N28.A6

Recibido el 18 de julio del 2022
Aceptado el 23 de septiembre del 2022
Online el 7 de octubre del 2022

Resumen

Introducción/objetivo: las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero (GEI) de origen natural han aumentado por las acciones antropogénicas, y amenazan al planeta con un desequilibrio ambiental. Los embalses para almacenar agua, que después se utiliza para mover las turbinas de centrales hidroeléctricas, acumulan sedimentos generando GEI. En este trabajo se analizan los métodos empleados para estimar las emisiones de GEI en embalses, clasificando las publicaciones científicas encontradas en los motores de búsqueda de ScienceDirect y Google Scholar.

Metodología: el método analítico utiliza una expresión booleana para recopilar información en los motores de búsqueda indicados y extraer la bibliografía relevante, considerando factores como la temperatura del agua, la ubicación geográfica, el tipo y la superficie del embalse, el tipo de gas y la tecnología, lo que atribuye un valor de pertinencia a cada característica para elaborar una matriz de resultados.

Resultados: los resultados muestran que más del 50 % se basan en estimaciones de GEI y el resto en mediciones directas en los embalses. Además, la contribución de la inteligencia artificial como técnica de estimación es menor al 6 %.

Conclusiones: finalmente, las regiones mundiales donde se realizan los estudios están distribuidas proporcionalmente y el análisis de literatura científica indica versatilidad en los métodos de estimación de GEI en embalses hidroeléctricos.


Palabras clave:
Embalses hidroeléctricos,
gases de efecto invernadero,
dióxido de carbono,
metano,
óxido nitroso.

Códigos JEL:
Q4, Q48, Q51, Q54

Abstract

Introduction/objective: greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions of natural origin have increased due to anthropogenic actions, and threaten the planet with environmental imbalance. Reservoirs for storing water, which is later used to drive the turbines of hydroelectric power plants, accumulate sediments, generating GHG. This paper analyzes the methods used to estimate GHG emissions in reservoirs, classifying scientific publications found in the ScienceDirect and Google Scholar search engines.

Methodology: the analytical method uses a Boolean expression to collect information in the indicated search engines and extract the relevant literature considering factors such as water temperature, geographic location, reservoir type and surface area, gas type and technology, which attributes a relevance value to each characteristic to elaborate a matrix of results.

Results: the results show that more than 50 % are based on GHG estimates and the rest on direct measurements in the reservoirs. In addition, the contribution of artificial intelligence as an estimation technique is less than 6 %.

Conclusions: finally, the world regions where studies are conducted are proportionally distributed and the analysis of scientific literature indicates versatility in GHG estimation methods in hydropower reservoirs.


Keywords:
Hydropower reservoirs,
greenhouse gas,
carbon dioxide,
methane,
nitrous oxide.

Artículo Completo
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Universidad Nacional Experimental Politécnica Antonio José de Sucre (UNEXPO), Venezuela
Universidad Carlemany, San Julián de Loria, Andorra
Copyright © 2022. Fundación Universitaria Konrad Lorenz, Colombia

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